Arlt, T.; Wieder, F.; Ritsche, I.; Hilger, A.; Kardjilov, N.; Fahlke, J.M.; Hampe, O.; Manke, I.: Röntgen- und Neutronentomographie am knöchernen Innenohr der Bartenwale. Materials Testing 60 (2018), p. 173-178
X-ray and neutron tomography on the bony inner ear of baleen whales. During their evolution whales and dolphins developed a highly specialized hearing organ for orientation in their deep sea territory covering a broad acoustic spectrum. The internal anatomy of the periotic bone, especially the morphology of the cochlea, has a significant influence on the hearing capability of mammals. The bony and fossilized cochleae of several fossil representatives of extinct baleen whales (e. g., Cetotheriidae) and modern rorquals (Balaenopteridae) and right whales, as well as cochleae of an archaeocete and some land mammals are investigated by X-ray and neutron tomography in order to record morphological changes that may be responsible for the development of low frequency hearing. Differences in the cochlear morphology have been determined by means of morphometric parameters, such as the number of turns, the length of the cochlea, and the curvature of the cochlear canal. In particular, X-ray tomography enables a high resolution display of the bony inner ear.