• Supplie, O.; May, M.M.; Steinbach, G.; Romanyuk, O.; Grosse, F.; Nägelein, A.; Kleinschmidt, P.; Brückner, S.; Hannappel, T.: Time-resolved in situ spectroscopy during formation of the GaP/Si(100) heterointerface. The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 6 (2015), p. 464-469

Open Access Version

Though III-V/Si(100) heterointerfaces are essential for future epitaxial high-performance devices, their atomic structure is an open historical question. Benchmarking of transient optical in situ spectroscopy during chemical vapor deposition to chemical analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy enables us to distinguish between formation of surfaces and of the heterointerface. A terrace-related optical anisotropy signal evolves during pulsed GaP nucleation on single-domain Si(100) surfaces. This dielectric anisotropy agrees well with the one calculated for buried GaP/Si(100) interfaces from differently thick GaP epilayers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveals a chemically shifted contribution of the P and Si emission lines, which quantitatively corresponds to one monolayer and establishes simultaneously with the nucleation-related optical in situ signal. We attribute that contribution to the existence of Si-P bonds at the buried heterointerface. During further pulsing and annealing in phosphorus ambient, dielectric anisotropies known from atomically well-ordered GaP(100) surfaces super-impose the nucleation-related optical in situ spectra. (Figure Presented).