Open Access and Open Science - what?
Have you ever heard the term Open Access or Open Science and know little about it? You want to know what the Berlin Declaration is all about? What about Open Access and Open Science in the scientific community, as in the Helmholtz Association? Does Open Access stand in contrast to quality assurance when it comes to publications?
More detailed information on Open Access at the Centre can be found at our internal page.
Open Access and Open Science
An up-to-date list of Open Access journals can be found at
From the Berlin Declaration: Open Access means that literature should be free of charge and publicly accessible on the Internet, [...] without financial, technical or legal barriers.
It is about literature, about your literature, which should be quality-assured and freely available in a permanent format, without barriers other than those connected to the Internet itself. In particular, your literature should be freely available and usable by anyone. It is about the reception of your works and the frequency of citations. It concerns also you!
All research data (even those that have not led to publication) should be available to the public after an embargo period. The HZB has issued Data Policy for this purpose.
The entire concept runs under the term Open Science and is coordinated by the organisation Helmholtz Open Science for the HGF.die HGF.
Obligation to file in the HZB repository
With the amendment of copyright law in 2013, a non-excludable second publication right for publications for authors in institutions with predominantly public funding was introduced in Section 38 UrG (4).. It allows articles to be made publicly accessible in the accepted manuscript version (not in the publisher's version) 12 months after publication in journals published at least twice a year (so-called Green Open Access). The HZB repository is available for this purpose.
The authors have the right to do this. The publication regulations of the HZB give the HZB a simple right of use.
All authors with reference to HZB are obliged to deposit corresponding versions in PASTA. The embargo period is automatically observed by the system. Attention: The publisher's version may not be used for this purpose! The HZB has committed itself in the HGF to provide all publications at least as Green Open Access until 2026.
Gold Open Access
For publications in EU projects a shortened embargo period of 6 (instead of 12) months must be agreed with the publisher. Often it is then easier to make the publication as Gold Open Access (one-off payment of a fee to the publisher, publication under CC BY licence). Pure Gold Open Access journals are preferable.
CC BY (Creative Commons By Attribution) should always be used as the licence.
For the publishers Wiley, Springer Nature, RSC and ECS, HZB has concluded contracts which allow for a free Gold Open Access publication for articles with HZB main authors (corresponding author) in their subscription-based journals (so-called hybrid journals) as standard. For these publishers, the HZB library is automatically included in the process, you only need to select the correct license CC BY (Creative Commons By Attribution).
For publications in pure Gold Open Access journals from Wiley and Springer a 20% reduced fee is charged to us centrally, but this fee must be paid internally by the OUs.
Attention for EU projects: Below a defined amount, publications within the scope of the project are financed from the project's funds and handled by a special agency.
Paid publications have to be handled by the HZB library.
Contracts with publishers, with the exception of the author contract, may only be concluded by the HZB library.
Payment of costs for so-called Cover Pages or Colour Figures should be refused, as they do not add value for HZB and cause avoidable costs.
If in doubt, please ask the HZB library before signing the Author's Contract!
Some author contracts are also Gold OA contracts, which have to be handled by the HZB library.
We have a lot of experience in this field and can considerably facilitate and shorten the necessary process for all parties involved, also by accelerating payment.
For publications with Gold Open Access a deposit at the HZB repository is neither necessary nor reasonable.
Open Science: Research Data
In the future, it will also be about free access to scientific research data/primary data (Open Science). This is something to be talked about, also in our house. Please talk to us!
Stay informed: Helmholtz Open Science maintains a Newsletter.