Becker, C.; Burger, S.; Barth, C.; Manley, P.; Jäger, K.; Eisenhauer, D.; Köppel, G.; Chabera, P.; Chen, J.; Zheng, K.; Pullerits, T.: Nanophotonic-Enhanced Two-Photon-Excited Photoluminescence of Perovskite Quantum Dots. ACS Photonics 5 (2018), p. 4668-4676
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All-inorganic CsPbBr3 perovskite colloidal quantum dots have recently emerged as a promising material for a variety of optoelectronic applications, among others for multiphoton-pumped lasing. Nevertheless, high irradiance levels are generally required for such multiphoton processes. One strategy to enhance the multiphoton absorption is taking advantage of high local light intensities using photonic nanostructures. Here, we investigate two-photon-excited photoluminescence of CsPbBr3 perovskite quantum dots on a silicon photonic crystal slab. By systematic excitation of optical resonances using a pulsed near-infrared laser beam, we observe an enhancement of two-photon-pumped photoluminescence by more than 1 order of magnitude when comparing to using a bulk silicon film. Experimental and numerical analyses allow relating these findings to near-field enhancement effects on the nanostructured silicon surface. The results reveal a promising approach for significantly decreasing the required irradiance levels for multiphoton processes being of advantage in applications such as biomedical imaging, lighting, and solar energy.