THz spectroscopy & THz EPR

sub mm wave / THz Spectroscopy THz Electron Paramagentic Resonance at THz Beamline

Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) provides unique information on the magnetic structure-function relationship of materials containing unpaired electron spins. Combining this method with coherent synchrotron radiation, THz-EPR detects EPR excitations over a very broad energy and magnetic field range in a single spectrometer.

Selected Applications:
  • determine spin state energies and interaction parameters of electron spins in the THz/FIR range for transition metal ion and lanthanide complexes and materials (e.g. molecular magnets, spin-crossover materials, catalysts)
  • investigate spin-phonon couplings
  • study (magnetic) phase transitions
THz spectroscopy and EPR - Scientific Applications

THz spectroscopy and EPR - Scientific Applications


Methods

Time-resolved absorption, IR Spectroscopy, Reflectometry, Polarimetry

Remote access

depends on experiment - please discuss with Instrument Scientist

Beamline data
Energy range 2 cm-1 - 10000 cm-1
Energy resolution 0.0063 cm-1
Flux 5 mW / mm2
Polarisation variable
Focus size (hor. x vert.) > 0.3 x 0.3 mm
Phone +4930 8062 13170
More details THz-Beamline
Station data
Temperature range 1.6 - 300 K
Pressure range For details contact the Instrument Scientist.
Detector 1.6 K (pumped) and 4.2K Si-Bolometer, InSb-HEB, DTGS, Ultrafast Schottky Diode (ACST)
Manipulators Sample VTI in 12 T magnet
Sample holder compatibility For details contact the Instrument Scientist.
Additional equipment Magnetic field: ± 12 Tesla
BESSY II THz-EPR Setup

BESSY II THz-EPR Setup


Motivation

Main science drivers are investigations in spin coupling energies of high-spin transition metal and rare earth ions. Spin coupling energies are sensitive probes of the electronic structure and determine magnetic properties of compounds with unpaired electron spins. The latter are highly desired pieces of information, as high-spin paramagnetic ions determine the function of many vital catalytic processes in proteins and synthetic complexes, as well as the properties of systems with large exchange couplings, e.g. single-molecule magnets (SMMs), energy materials or strongly correlated solids.

Frequency-Domain Fourier-Transform THz-EPR (FD-FT THz-EPR)

EPR is capable of providing unique information on magnetic structure-function relationships of materials containing unpaired electron spins. However, conventional single frequency EPR frequently fails in cases where spin transition energies exceed the quantum energy of the spectrometer (typically <4 cm-1). Employing very short electron bunches (low-α), we have demonstrated that coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) [1, 2]-based FD-FT THz-EPR [3] provides a unique tool to overcome this restriction. Our approach allows for EPR excitations over a broad energy (3 cm-1 – 370 cm-1) and magnetic field range (-11 T +11 T) in a single spectrometer. FD-FT THz-EPR has been successfully applied to high-spin ions in SMMs [4], single-chain magnets (SCMs) [5], catalytically relevant integer and non-integer high-spin transition metal ion complexes [6, 7], as well as in proteins [8] and strongly correlated solid-state systems [9].

Remote access

Remote access & control available for mail-in samples, possibly also staff-assisted experiments upon request.

References

[1] M. Abo-Bakr, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2003, 90, 094801.

[2] K. Holldack, et al. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2006, 96, 054801.

[3] J. Nehrkorn, et al. J. Magn. Reson., 2017, 280, 43739.

[4] D. Pinkowicz, et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 137, 14406.

[5] M. Rams, et al. Chem. Eur. J., 2020, 26, 2837.

[6] J. Nehrkorn, et al. Inorg. Chem., 2019, 58, 14228.

[7] J. Krzystek, et al. Inorg. Chem., 2020, 59, 1075.

[8] J. Nehrkorn, et al. Mol. Phys., 2013, 111, 2696.

[9] N. E. Massa, et al. Phys. Rev. B, 2018, 98, 184302.